Prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men. In the United States alone, over 2.5 million men live with this disease. 1 out of 7 men end up getting the cancer at some point in life. It’s expected that at least 27,000 men die a year from this cancer. It’s one of those diseases that should be checked at an early age and monitored. When you start getting to those middle ages, really start taking a serious look at your health and learn what you need to do to sustain. There are great survivors that end up leading healthy and active lives. With that being said, here are some key things to know about prostate cancer.
Who’s at Risk for Prostate Cancer?
All men after 40 years old are at risk for prostate cancer. However, African-American men are the most prone to getting the disease and twice as likely as Caucasian men to die from it. Another risk factor is the family history. If there are any family members that have the disease, chances are you can get the disease as well because it’s a hereditary thing. Just be sure to monitor your health closely as you get to that age. Typical prostate screening starts at 50, but African-American men should begin this process around the age of 40.
What are the Causes of Prostate Cancer?
First of all, cancer cells develop in the prostate more rapidly than normal cell growth. As a result, there’s nothing to fight the cancer because the normal cells die off while the cancer cells grow and reproduce. This typically happens in men after the age of 50. The abnormal cells continue to develop into a tumor. All tumors can spread to different tissues, organs, lymph nodes, and bones. Some of these factor into prostate cancer: a high meat and dairy based diet (these things are harder to break down in your stomach), smoking, obesity, and even chemical exposure on a high degree. If you start noticing different symptoms like difficulty urinating on a regular basis, blood in your urine, discomfort/pain in the pelvis area, and swelling in your legs, you should seek immediate treatment.
What are the Different Kinds of Treatment Available?
Of course, early detection of prostate cancer is the best way to go to help you live the rest of your life as full as possible. With that being said, there are many treatments to help you get this disease under control. Removing the prostate gland is one treatment that will help you survive. Another treatment is through radiation, which helps you shrink and kill your cancer cells. Chemotherapy is more of a drug-based treatment that helps eradicate your cancer cells. Hormone therapy helps you decrease your testosterone so that the cancer cells can’t feed and grow off them. Brachytherapy drops radioactive seeds in or near the tumor to shrink and terminate the cancer. Cryosurgery is another that actually helps to freeze the abnormal cells. These are some of the treatments that are most effective especially when you’ve caught the cancer early.